Monika Andrzejczak, Anna Ludwiczak
Diff erent Aspects of Economic Activity
European Journal of Science and Research 2/2018, pp.3-10
Abstract The purpose of this article is to introduce the notion of a business cycle. For many years the volatility of economic activity has been a subject of detailed analysis. Having searched for a certain consensus, researchers identified four primary phases of the...
Sofi a Cardim, Natália Vara
Gender Stereotypes Refl ected in Medical Specialties
European Journal of Science and Research 2/2018, pp.11-22
Abstract Despite both the increasing female participation in the labour market and the progressive increase in the level of education of women, Portugal is one of the countries in the European Union in which income differences between men and women are most evident....
Th reats to Information Safety in a Public Organisation, Based on the Municipal Guards
European Journal of Science and Research 2/2018, pp.23-34
Abstract The aim of this research paper is to introduce information security threats for public organisations in the light of the municipal guards and ways of ensuring this safety. At the beginning the organisations including public organisations have been...
Communal and Municipal Guard
European Journal of Science and Research 2/2018, pp.35-47
Abstract The article gives a synthetic overview of the competences of communal and municipal guards in operations for public order and their capacity for development after the legal changes introduced in 2016. Keywords: municipal guards, public order, local government...
Polish Public Administration – Development Constraints
European Journal of Science and Research 2/2018, pp.48-60
Abstract Nowadays, Polish public administration is obliged to act in accordance with clear premises, determined in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. The rules and values included in the Polish Constitution determine the realised activities, since this...
Motivations Leading to Attacks on Politicians
European Journal of Science and Research 2/2018, pp.61-72
Abstract This article presents an analysis of research results included in accessible literature, paying special attention to the state of knowledge referring to political assassins in the light of their motivations. The subject motivation, except from action...
Analytical – Planning Actions in Comprehensive Operations
European Journal of Science and Research 2/2018, pp.73-85
Abstract The security environment is subjected to continuous changes. There is no sharp dividing line between peace and war. The lessons learned from Afghanistan, Ukraine and Syria, prove that a comprehensive political, civilian and military approach is necessary for...
Andriy Martyn, Taras Ievsiukov, Oleksandr Shevchenko, Ivan Openko, Bogdan Avramchuk
The State of the Land Management Industry in Ukraine: Problems and Prospects of Development
European Journal of Science and Research 2/2018, pp.86-91
Abstract The article analyses the basic results of land management in Ukraine during the 25 years of land reform. It presents the directions of transformation of contents and forms of land management in the medium term, based on the experience of developed countries....
Developmen tof the Arab Economy after the “Arab Spring”
European Journal of Science and Research 2/2018, pp 92-100
Abstract A study conducted by the Department of Research of the Secretariat General of the Arab Banking Union entitled "Developing the Arab Economy in 2014 and 2016," it shows that this economy has experienced a decline in growth compared to 2012, a decline in Real...
Alcina Nunes, Sofia Cardim
Gender Inequalities: National Evidence by Activity Sectors in the Portuguese Labour Market
European Journal of Science and Research 2/2018, pp.101-112
Abstract The gender occupational segregation is a negative phenomenon which still remains a common feature to the most diverse cultures and economies in the 21st century. One of the ways in which it is embodied is in wages and salary differences. Thus, this paper aims...
Aneta Pisarska, Edyta Kulawiecka
Implementation of the Risk Management Process in Public Organisations in Kalisz
European Journal of Science and Research 2/2018, pp.113-123
Abstract In this article, based on the empirical research, the authors attempted to assess the degree of implementation of the risk management process in public organisations such as public kindergartens. The survey conducted in March 2016 covered 13 kindergartens....
Izabela Rącka, Beata Wenerska
Assessing the Quality of Urban Environment in the Downtown of Kalisz
European Journal of Science and Research 2/2018, pp.124-141
Abstract The legislator has rightly decided that revitalisation should be based on social participation. In practice it means a real involvement of local residents in, firstly – the planning process, secondly – implementation and finally – in the evaluation of...